Check out this great book for Geology. It was specifically written, based on cognitive research, so that the student can read it and learn on their own, freeing up the teacher to do more interesting things in class, rather than explaining the content.
Literacy Frameworks & Big Ideas
The Earth, Ocean, Climate and Earth Science Literacy documents referenced below comprise the Big Ideas and associated supporting concepts that all citizens should know. These principles were determined by scientists through a series of workshops and have undergone rigorous review. Their development was sponsored by the NSF, NASA, NOAA and they are endorsed by a large number of geoscience organizations and federal agencies (see example for Earth Science Literacy Principles below).
The essential literacy principles are aligned with the National Science Education Standards (NSES) and the AAAS Benchmarks for Science Literacy. NSF, NASA and NOAA expect that they will guide the development of state educational standards and policy decisions.
Earth Science Literacy Principles
Go to the following links to see alignment with the NSES (Grades 9-12 are green).